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All About Life After A Kidney Transplant

Patients who have recently undergone a kidney transplant must gradually resume their normal life while also taking all necessary precautions to ensure the success of the transplant.

So, here we share with you some general guidelines to discuss ways in which kidney transplant recipients can stay healthy, reducing the risk of damage to the transplanted organs.

Emergency Medical Identification

It is recommended that any recipient of an organ transplant wear a medical identification bracelet or necklace at all times. For those who have undergone a kidney transplant in India, it is important that the medical information on this form of medical identification include “immunosuppressed.”

Take Medications As Directed

Patients who have received a kidney transplant must take certain medications to ensure that the organ is working properly. Some of these medications must be taken constantly, while others may only be necessary for a limited amount of time. 

These medications include:

  • Symptomatic medications
  • Antibiotics/antiviral medications
  • Immunosuppressants (Anti-rejection drugs)

Quit Smoking

It is strongly recommended that kidney transplant recipients who are previous smokers quit as soon as possible, as smoking is associated with a significant increase in the risk of heart disease, cancer, and lung disease. Smoking after receiving a kidney transplant makes you twice as likely to suffer from kidney failure.

Avoid Drugs And Alcohol

Drinking excessively can be dangerous for kidney transplant recipients because high blood pressure can cause kidney damage. Additionally, alcohol in large quantities is high in calories, which can lead to weight gain in patients who are consuming alcohol regularly.

The recommended limits of alcohol for kidney transplant recipients are 3-4 units a day for men and 2-3 units a day for women. It is recommended that no more than 14 units of alcohol are consumed weekly, with at least one alcohol-free day each week.

Importance of Diet

After a kidney transplant, patients are advised to consume a generally healthy diet, which includes at least five servings of fruit and vegetables each day. It is also recommended that a major portion of their healthy diet.

Some dairy products, meat, fish, eggs, beans, and other non-dairy sources of protein are also important in a healthy diet. Fats and sugars should be taken in moderation; salt consumption should be avoided as much as possible.

Exercise for Weight Loss

After a patient’s recovery from surgery, regular physical activity is recommended. For adults, at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity or aerobic activity every week is ideal.

Moderately intense activity should involve any form of exercise that increases the heart and breathing rate and makes a person sweat. Some examples of this type of exercise include jogging, swimming, fast walking, playing tennis, and much more.

Obese kidney transplant recipients are strongly urged to incorporate both regular exercise and a healthy and calorie-controlled diet into their lives.

Avoiding Infection

Patients taking immunosuppressive medications have an increased risk of infection as compared to healthy individuals. To prevent infection, good personal hygiene, such as regular hand washing before eating and after using the bathroom, should be maintained. Additionally, contact with individuals with contagious infections, such as the flu or chickenpox, should be avoided as much as possible.

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