A Bone Marrow Transplantation is a procedure where the diseased or damaged bone marrow is replaced with healthy blood-forming stem cells. This procedure is also regarded as a stem cell transplant. There are generally two types of bone marrow transplants:
- Allogeneic stem cell transplant
- Autologous stem cell transplant
The Autologous stem cell transplant in India is quite popular because of the specialist doctors and the unmatched hospital facilities given to the patients. In an Autologous stem cell transplant, the body cells are used.
On the other hand, in Allogeneic stem cell transplant, the cells are borrowed from a donor.
Reasons Behind Bone Marrow Transplant
The following are the exclusive reasons why a patient undergoes a Bone Marrow Transplant:
- For safe allowance of treatment with high doses of radiation or Chemotherapy.
- Replacing damaged or diseased bone marrow with fresh stem cells.
- To kill cancer cells directly.
Bone marrow transplantation can benefit both patients who have malignant or benign cells. Such patients include:
- Chronic Leukemia
- Acute Leukemia
- Bone marrow failure syndromes
- Immune deficiencies
- Aplastic Anemia
- POEMS syndrome
- Primary Amyloidosis
- Inborn errors of metabolism
- Multiple Myeloma
- Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
Bone Marrow Transplantation is associated with multiple risk factors. Considering the cost involved and the risk factors, many patients try to avoid Bone Marrow Transplants.
But, the bone marrow transplant cost in India makes it easy for the patients to undergo this surgery.
Best Ways To Heal After Bone Marrow Transplant
Bone Marrow Transplant comes with certain risks and necessary changes in the lifestyle structure of the patients. To facilitate faster recovery, here are specific ways to help after Bone Marrow Transplantation.
Maintaining Balanced Diet
After a Bone Marrow Transplant, there are chances that the patient might feel vomiting, nausea, sore mouth, and loss of appetite. For speedy recovery, the patients need to regain their strength and maintain their health.
To avoid specific side effects, doctors might prescribe anti-nausea medicines.
Intake Of Proper Vitamins And Minerals
The doctors advise the Bone Marrow Transplant patients to eat enough to increase their recovery rate exponentially. For that, the following vitamins and minerals should be given to them:
This is an essential constituent for strengthening the density of the bones. Intake of Milk, Cheese, and Yogurt can increase the Calcium count in the body.
Like Calcium, Phosphorus is also crucial for maintaining good bone health. Consumption of Chicken, Beef, and Fish can lift the Phosphorus count.
For maintaining normal blood pressure and normal working of stem cells, Potassium should be appropriate in the body. Fruits like Avocados, Bananas, Peaches, and Vegetables like Sweet Potato and Potatoes are considered good sources of Potassium.
- Vitamin D
Since there are not many foods that can increase the Vitamin D count, consumption of Soy Milk and Orange Juice can supplement it. It is very vital for recovery.
3. Consider Taking Supplements
Numerous patients do not feel like eating after a Bone Marrow Transplant. They have severe loss of appetite. But to recover from this state, the patient’s body should get the necessary Vitamins and Minerals.
In such cases, the doctors prescribe supplements like Multivitamin tablets that help the patient to recover like never before.
4. Avoid Certain Foods
To heal from a Bone Marrow Transplant, the doctors advise the patients to avoid certain food items. These are Cheese from Unpasteurized Raw Milk, undercooked Meats, ready-to-consume meals, and excessively oily foods.
Since these foods can be extremely unhealthy for you, doctors suggest avoiding them at all costs to keep the transplantation process from occurring correctly.
Maintenance of body weight also contributes towards speedy recovery from Bone Marrow Transplants. Working out regularly can help in maintaining body weight and a healthy heart. It also boosts the immune system and stamina of the body.
However, not every exercise can prove beneficial. That is why only doctor-recommended practices should be performed.
6. No Consumption Of Alcohol
There is a possibility that the liver might not function appropriately after a Bone Marrow Transplant. Procedures like Chemotherapy, Graft Versus Host Disease, and strong medications might weaken the liver.
Hence, the patients are recommended to stay away from alcohol as much as possible.
7. Protection From Sun
The skin becomes severely sensitive after a Bone Marrow Transplant. It is advised to the patients to use sunscreen with SPF 50 and wear full pants and long sleeves when exposing themselves to the outside environment.
If not, they might become prone to Graft Versus Host Disease Infection.
The Bottom Line
Bone Marrow Transplantation brings about physical changes and shakes the patient’s emotional balance. To allow fast recovery, the patient should also have strong dynamic support.
In case, you wish to seek medical help for this urgently, do not forget to count on BLK Max Hospital for the ultimate help.