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What are veneers?

Veneers are a treatment to improve the appearance of the teeth. It consists of placing porcelain sheets on the front face of the teeth, improving their aesthetic appearance. Veneers give a better impression of color and shape to the teeth. In addition, they can also occupy the spaces that are formed with the deterioration of the gums. 

The people who usually opt for a veneer treatment want to improve their aesthetic image, especially the teeth’ color, shape, and position. However, not all people are suitable for this type of treatment. A professional should examine your case to make sure you can use them.

Veneers aesthetically help problems derived from pyorrhea or periodontitis, but they are not a health treatment to cure these diseases.

Typically, patients who can undergo veneer treatment are those in good general oral health. It is essential to have healthy teeth and gums. It is also necessary to have enough tooth enamel. Without it, the veneer will not have good retention.

What types of veneers are there?

Veneers are thin sheets placed on the front face of the teeth to improve their appearance and can be made of two different materials: porcelain and composite.

Porcelain veneers

When using this material, Porcelain veneers have the advantage that they resist stains very well. In addition, porcelain looks very similar to natural teeth when they are healthy and white. This also makes them reflect light, much like the original teeth.

In addition, porcelain veneers can correct problems such as tooth wear and cover chipped or broken teeth. They can also cover reconstructed teeth with resin that has become discolored.

composite veneers

Composite veneers, a material made from various composite resins, have the advantage that they are reversible. The previous work with the teeth is minimal, so it does not alter them permanently. For this reason, the material can be removed and replaced.

On the other hand, they have the disadvantage that they do not imitate tooth enamel and porcelain. In addition, as the resin is a porous material, it can stain and are susceptible to chipping or fractures. However, its treatment is much faster and less invasive than porcelain.

Advantages of veneers

Veneers are a treatment that mainly has aesthetic purposes. However, keep in mind that they cannot solve all of them. Depending on the objective, it may be necessary to resort to treatments such as whitening or orthodontics. The advantages and problems that veneer treatment solves are:

  • Whiter smile. Veneers can hide severely stained teeth, even if whitening treatment may not be fully effective.
  • Recover the natural appearance of your teeth. In treatments with porcelain veneers, the teeth recover their original color, and the reflection of light is practically the same as that of natural teeth.
  • Recover the shape of your teeth. One of the advantages of veneers is that they can hide minor imperfections such as chips, cracks, or tiny fractures in the teeth.
  • Minimally invasive treatment. Unlike most dental treatments, veneers are a treatment the patient will notice minimal discomfort, especially in composite veneers.
  • A single treatment for several problems. The veneers allow for solving several coexisting issues. Different difficulties such as slightly crooked chipped, or stained teeth can be solved with a single treatment.

Veneers treatment phases

The treatment of veneers, which are usually made of porcelain, is carried out in five phases, including diagnosis and treatment planning to the placement of the surfaces and their final cleaning.

1. First, a diagnosis is made to carry out a veneer treatment and then treatment planning.

In this first phase, the help of the patient is also needed since he has to be the one who tells the dentist precisely what he wants to achieve with the treatment.

During this process, the dentist will examine the patient’s teeth to ensure they are suitable for treatment and if it is more appropriate to perform it with porcelain or composite veneers. Also, the dentist will study its implications and possibilities of it.

2. Second, the tooth to be treated will be prepared. This preparation consists of removing part of the enamel from the tooth surface. This removed portion will need to match the amount of veneer thickness added to the tooth.

3. Third, impressions will be taken. These impressions are sent to a laboratory

4. The fourth step is to place the impressions of the finished veneers. To do so, the tooth must be prepared, consisting of cleaning, polishing, and engraving the tooth. This process makes it possible to create a rough surface that allows a robust bonding process between the tooth and the veneer using special cement.

5. The fifth and final step will be to adjust this placement. Any excess of the special cement used will be removed to do this. In addition, once placed, the bite will be evaluated, and, if necessary, any final adjustments will be made.

As in most dental treatments, the patient must maintain good dental hygiene. In the case of veneers, they are placed on the surface of the natural teeth, so it is vital to keep them healthy.

The patient will have to follow the commonly recommended hygiene practices, such as maintaining good brushing regularly, using dental floss, and periodically visiting the dentist.

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